Silos 13 / vib architecture

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Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

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Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

The project is located 5 meters away from Paris eastern ring road, at the end of Zac Rive Gauche’s large development district. Urban studies conducted by Ateliers LION since 2000, as well as new Urban regulation (PLU) updated in 2010, have made room for a new Bruneseau Nord neighborhood. This project is characterized by high rise buildings and mixed programs where architecture and infrastructure meet. To allow for this new development, the city of Paris has asked CIMENTS CALCIA to give up their existing distribution center located near the Seine, and offered a new site closer to the existing rails out of Austerlitz station. SEMAPA undertook the building of this new project for CIMENTS CALCIA.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

Pre-requisites
The project, which transforms an industrial facility into an urban sculpture, is to be considered as the first step of a process to transform the new Bruneseau Nord site.

3 conditions were called for to make this building possible:
• the urban and political vision to extend the city to the East with a pedestrian link from Paris to Ivry. The existing centre was linked to the rail network via a single rail line that cut diagonally through the neighborhood. The new building obviously needed to be moved to allow for this new large development.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

• the desire to develop this forgotten industrial area, despite the difficulties linked to the many existing networks and technical issues or urban rules, as well as the decision to maintain this industrial activity within the city’s new fabric.

• the presence of a contractor such as Vinci TPI, specialized in civil engineering structures was needed to raise the main silos and gave us a rare chance to design buildings with unusual tools and resources, usually reserved for large infrastructure design.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

Project’s description:
This project is the first step to develop Paris’s new Eastern district. The initial question for us cleary was to insert the project in the coming urban project and bring in «bold design» to the industrial plant. The project was long to design at first, due to high stakes and its noticeable location along Paris’ ring road – Europe’s busiest freeway with an average 300.000 vehicles a day. The initial 50 meter high silos project was rejected during the building approval phase – despite urban planning and new regulations allowing for high rises, and we were asked to redesign a 37 m high project to fit Paris’s usual maximum height. This implied new major constraints. The silos had to be widened to 20m to allow for the same volume of cement, making the site almost too small to hold the program.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

At this stage in june 2011, we had one weekend to design a whole new project and be ready for a last chance meeting, attended by every authority involved with the project. These constraints called for a bold and clear project.

By that time, it was obvious that Calcia – who would be running the center – would prefer materials that promote their people’s skills and business of making and selling cement, to erect wonderful buildings around the city.

Our answer was what it is now: first, the main silos had to be inserted in the one and only position that allowed for all existing flux and networks to work. Then the quality control center , because it had to rest on ground, was slided underneath the “peripherique”.

The office building was set right on the property limit and high on pilars for trucks to come in below. The whole program could then be linked together by a vertical cylinder housing a stair and lift. The project had become quite simple: the whole program, including offices and quality control center, was inserted in 5 different individual silos, all made of concrete, rising from the ground surfaced with concrete too.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Stephane CHALMEAU

The making of the fixed polygonal aluminum windows was complex. The first issue was the geometry of the polygon meeting with the cylindrical shell – that was sorted with the offices 3D tools. The second, more complex issue, was that to do with current regulations that require really sophisticated design for waterproofing and drainage. The architects called-in Arcora, their usual facade engineers, to help them design these and make them fit current standards.

The vertical lift/stair tower is the most visible piece of the building, that acts as a signal by rising only 5 meters from the ring road. The design for the openings is similar but they were fitted with a simple inox mesh.

They wanted the openings to widen up and lighten up as the tower rises, in contrast to the main silos in the background.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Daniel MOULINET

The fence
Special attention was required for the main fence. It was agreed that the center should be perceivable from the street. Our system allows for visual porosity on the industrial activity, without imposing the heavy trucks onto the new quarter. Our proposal allows for the site to be seen, or hidden, depending on the angle from which one looks.

Silos 13 / vib architecture
© Daniel MOULINET

Technical data
Opening hours for the center are from 5am to 6pm. It feeds 80 trucks a day on average and will deal more than 400 000 tons of cement a year. It was designed to allow for 24/7 self-service.

The plant includes:
• Two 37m high silos, holding 11 000m3 of cement in up to 6 different qualities,
• A new rail terminal (outside of our operation), allowing for two trains of about 10 wagons each, filled with cement,
• Compressors and pneumatic transport system needed to rise cement from the trains to the top of the main silos,
• 4 loading stations under the silos fitted with weighbridges,
• a large platform for large truck’s specific gyrations,
• a 150m² office building, cantilevering onto the street, raised on large pillars,
• a 180m² quality control and testing center for UNIBETON, tucked in underneath the peripherique,
• 70m² support spaces (mostly on ground aside the main silo), such as workshop, supply or locker room,
• parking spaces for workers.

Project Details:
Location: Paris, France
Type: Industrial
Client: SEMAPA
Architects: vib architecture – Bettina Ballus + Franck VIA LET
Design Architects: Antoine BOURDEAU, Marlène BOURQUE, Célia HORN
Construction Architect: Celia HORN
Mission: classic full Loi MOP + method and coordination.
Construction cost: 18 M€ (excl. tax), for buildings + process.
Site surface: 4478 m²
Drawings : ©vib
Construction photos: ©vib
Interior Photos: ©Daniel MOULINET
Exterior Photos: ©Stephane CHALMEAU

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